There are more than 50 manufacturers of dental implants, including materials for restorations such as crowns and abutments. As such, dentists have several alternatives for different needs. There are mainly two implant systems namely one stage systems and two stage systems.
However, there are implant systems that are covered with gum tissue then left to integrate to the bone. In the case of the above-mentioned stages, the implant is uncovered. As such, these particular systems possess a small connector known as a healing abutment that attaches the implant to the part of the mouth just above the gum. Subsequently, the gum tissue around the connector heals. For one stage system, there is a slight protruding from the implant through the gum tissue.
Types of Implants and Restorations
In additional to the already mentioned implants, there exist mini implants and micro-mini implants. The former resemble traditional implants with the exception of being in smaller whereas the former are highly variable and have a screw-like appearance. The latter are easily removable are they are made for temporal purposes.
Single tooth replacements use a single implant supported by the same number of crowns. Multiple tooth replacements are used to replace several missing teeth and come with supporting fixed bridgework. This bridgework could be as small as three units, which are supported by two implants. In the case of multiple implants, then it means a greater number of units will be needed. Typically, a full arch or jaw of teeth is replaced using four to eight implants.
There is also a combination of fixed and removable bridgework that is commonly used in the case where the implants support fixed bridgework. However, the uniqueness here is there is a removable section of the implants. Over-dentures replacement is used when two or more implants provide stability on the denture not to mention preserve the underlying bone.
In this case, bone protection is important because traditional full dentures cause gum and bone damage due to resorption. In this case, the implants could be the standard issue or mini-sized. As such, over-dentures are currently considered the standard care for individuals who have lost all their teeth.
The aspect of orthodontics that uses implants of different sizes to provide anchorage for tooth movement is also becoming common. This helps to provide easier and quicker tooth movement. Lastly, temporary bridgework uses micro-mini implants that are removable once the permanent implants are healed, which means the teeth will have been permanently replaced. As such, everyone has the surety of having teeth throughout their lifetime.
Using dental implants is a sensitive matter, and it requires high-end expertise for the dentist to do a bio-compatibility evaluation among other supporting research for the replacement to be a success.